Redhat6使用CentOS的yum源在线安装软件

分类:CentOS教程 阅读:35192 次

引言:由于RHEL的yum在线更新是收费的,如果没有注册的话是不能使用的,即不能在线安装软件。在这种情况下,想使用RHEL系统,还想用yum源来在线安装软件,有没有办法?答案是有办法,请往下看!

1、删除RHEL原有的yum
rpm -aq|grep yum|xargs rpm -e --nodeps #删除

2、下载新的yum安装包 #这里我们使用CentOS的yum源

wgethttp://vault.centos.org/6.0/os/x86_64/Packages/python-iniparse-0.3.1-2.1.el6.noarch.rpm
wgethttp://vault.centos.org/6.0/os/x86_64/Packages/yum-metadata-parser-1.1.2-14.1.el6.x86_64.rpm
wgethttp://vault.centos.org/6.0/os/x86_64/Packages/yum-3.2.27-14.el6.centos.noarch.rpm
wgethttp://vault.centos.org/6.0/os/x86_64/Packages/yum-plugin-fastestmirror-1.1.26-11.el6.noarch.rpm

3、安装yum软件包

rpm -ivh python-iniparse-0.3.1-2.1.el6.noarch.rpm
rpm -ivh yum-metadata-parser-1.1.2-14.1.el6.i686.rpm
rpm -ivh yum-3.2.27-14.el6.centos.noarch.rpm

rpm -ivh yum-plugin-fastestmirror-1.1.26-11.el6.noarch.rpm

注意:最后两个安装包要放在一起同时安装,否则会提示相互依赖,安装失败。

4、更改yum源 #我们使用网易的CentOS镜像源
cd /etc/yum.repos.d/
wget http://mirrors.163.com/.help/CentOS6-Base-163.repo
vi CentOS6-Base-163.repo #编辑文件
把文件里面的$releasever全部替换为版本号,即6 最后保存!

或者直接把下面的内存拷贝到CentOS6-Base-163.repo文件中即可(已经修改好)

#CentOS-Base.repo # #ThemirrorsystemusestheconnectingIPaddressoftheclientandthe #updatestatusofeachmirrortopickmirrorsthatareupdatedtoand #geographicallyclosetotheclient.YoushouldusethisforCentOSupdates #unlessyouaremanuallypickingothermirrors. # #Ifthemirrorlist=doesnotworkforyou,asafallbackyoucantrythe #remarkedoutbaseurl=lineinstead. # # [base] name=CentOS-6-Base-163.com baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/os/$basearch/ #mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=os gpgcheck=1 gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6 #releasedupdates [updates] name=CentOS-6-Updates-163.com baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/updates/$basearch/ #mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=updates gpgcheck=1 gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6 #additionalpackagesthatmaybeuseful [extras] name=CentOS-6-Extras-163.com baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/extras/$basearch/ #mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=extras gpgcheck=1 gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6 #additionalpackagesthatextendfunctionalityofexistingpackages [centosplus] name=CentOS-6-Plus-163.com baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/centosplus/$basearch/ #mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=centosplus gpgcheck=1 enabled=0 gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6 #contrib-packagesbyCentosUsers [contrib] name=CentOS-6-Contrib-163.com baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/contrib/$basearch/ #mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=contrib gpgcheck=1 enabled=0 gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

5、yum clean all #清理yum缓存
yum makecache #将服务器上的软件包信息缓存到本地,以提高搜索安装软件的速度
yum install vim* #测试yum是否可用

至此,Redhat6可以使用CentOS的yum源在线安装软件了!