CentOS 6.4安装FastDFS、使用Nginx作WEB服务器

分类:CentOS运维 阅读:82120 次

安装环境:
1. CentOS-6.4-i386
2. FastDFS_v4.06
3. fastdfs-nginx-module_v1.15
4.Nginx-1.5.6(安装见此)
5.libevent-2.0.21-stable

tracker server IP:192.168.1.11

storage1 server IP:192.168.1.12 group1

storage2 server IP:192.168.1.13 group2

storage3 server IP:192.168.1.14 group2

1. CentOS系统初始化:
#yum预装常用的服务器软件
yum -y install gcc gcc-c++

2.系统操作环境的设置
#软件安装包存储
/usr/local/src
#libevent安装目录
/usr/local/libevent

#fastdfs安装目录
/usr/local/fastdfs
#nginx安装目录
/usr/local/nginx

3. 安装libevent(fastdfs在编译源程序时fastdfs内部调用libevent的处理机制,,需要用到libevent一些依赖文件,否则编译fastdfs会出错)
#卸载系统自带libevent,自带版本过低,安装fastdfs会出错
1> rpm -qa|grep libevent
2> yum remove libevent*
#下载安装libevent:
1> wgethttps://github.com/downloads/libevent/libevent/libevent-2.0.21-stable.tar.gz
2> tar -zxvflibevent-2.0.21-stable.tar.gz
3> cdlibevent-2.0.21-stable
4> ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libevent
5> make && make install
#为libevent创建软链接到/lib库下,64位系统对应/lib64
ln -s /usr/local/libevent/lib/libevent-2.0.so.5 /usr/lib/libevent-2.0.so.5
ln -s /usr/local/libevent/lib/libevent-2.0.so.5 /usr/lib64/libevent-2.0.so.5

4. 安装FastDFS
1> wgethttp://fastdfs.googlecode.com/files/FastDFS_v4.06.tar.gz
2> tar -zxvfFastDFS_v4.06.tar.gz
3> cdFastDFS
4> #由于定义/usr/local/fastdfs为fastdfs安装目录,所以需要修改make.sh
vi make.sh
#内容更改如下

TARGET_PREFIX=/usr/local 修改为 /usr/local/fastdfs
将/etc/fdfs 全部替换为 /usr/local/fastdfs/conf
5>#安装
./make.sh C_INCLUDE_PATH=/usr/local/libevent/include LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/libevent/lib
./make.sh install

5. 配置Tracker
①创建tracker目录保存运行日志
mkdir -m 777 -p /home/fastdfs/tracker
②修改tracker.conf配置
vim /usr/local/fastdfs/conf/tracker.conf
修改内容如下所示

# the tracker server port
port=22122
# the base path to store data and log files
base_path=/home/yuqing/fastdfs -> base_path=/home/fastdfs/tracker #日志目录
#开启自定义server ID取代ip形式,方便内部网络服务器更换ip#**此方式要重点理解,4.0以后新特性
use_storage_id = true #使用server ID作为storage server标识
storage_ids_filename = storage_ids.conf #<id> <group_name> <ip_or_hostname>
id_type_in_filename = id #文件名反解析中包含server ID,以前是ip

③移动storage_ids.conf文件
cp -r /usr/local/src/FastDFS/conf/storage_ids.conf /usr/local/fastdfs/conf/
④编辑storage服务器ID与IP地址的对应关系
vim /usr/local/fastdfs/conf/storage_ids.conf
修改内容如下所示

#<id> <group_name> <ip_or_hostname>
100001 group1 192.168.1.12
100002 group2 192.168.1.13
100003 group2 192.168.1.14

⑤编辑启动脚本
vim /etc/init.d/fdfs_trackerd
启动脚本内容如下

#!/bin/bash
#
# fdfs_storaged Starts fdfs_storaged
#
#
# chkconfig: 2345 99 01
# description: FastDFS storage server
### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides: $fdfs_storaged
### END INIT INFO
# Source function library.
. /etc/init.d/functions
FastDfs='/usr/local/fastdfs'
CONF="$FastDfs/conf/storage.conf"
if [ ! -f $CONF ]; then
echo "file $CONF does not exist!"
exit 2
fi
PRG="$FastDfs/bin/fdfs_storaged"
if [ ! -f $PRG ]; then
echo "file $PRG does not exist!"
exit 2
fi
Stop="$FastDfs/bin/stop.sh"
if [ ! -f $Stop ]; then
echo "file $Stop does not exist!"
exit 2
fi
Restart="$FastDfs/bin/restart.sh"
if [ ! -f $Restart ]; then
echo "file $Restart does not exist!"
exit 2
fi
RETVAL=0
start() {
echo -n $"Starting FastDFS storage server: "
$PRG $CONF &
RETVAL=$?
echo
return $RETVAL
}
stop() {
echo -n $"Stop FastDFS storage server: "
$Stop $PRG $CONF
RETVAL=$?
return $RETVAL
}
rhstatus() {
status fdfs_storaged
}
restart() {
$Restart $PRG $CONF &
}
case "$1" in
start)
start
;;
stop)
stop
;;
status)
rhstatus
;;
restart|reload)
restart
;;
condrestart)
restart
;;
*)
echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart}"
exit 1
esac
exit $?

⑥给启动脚本增加权限
chmod 777 /etc/init.d/fdfs_storaged
启动storage
service fdfs_storaged restart
接下来会出现很多mkdir data path,这是系统在创建数据目录,如下图所示
CentOS 6.4安装FastDFS、使用Nginx作WEB服务器
⑦启动成功,加入开机启动
vim /etc/rc.d/rc.local
加入内容如下
service fdfs_storaged start

7. 安装nginx(仅Storage)
#创建nginx日志目录
mkdir -m 777 -p /home/www/logs
#安装nginx必需的库:zlib-devel openssl-devel pcre
yum -y install zlib-devel openssl-devel
#手动安装pcre
1> wgetftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/pcre-8.33.tar.gz
2> tar -zxvfpcre-8.33.tar.gz
3> cdpcre-8.33
4> ./configure
5> make && make install
6> ln -s /usr/local/lib/libpcre.so.1 /lib
#安装nginx
1> wgethttp://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.5.6.tar.gz
2> tar -zxvfnginx-1.5.6.tar.gz
3> cdnginx-1.5.6
4> ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_ssl_module
5> make && make install
#检查nginx配置是否正确
/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -t
#出现以下类似信息表示配置正确
CentOS 6.4安装FastDFS、使用Nginx作WEB服务器
#查看nginx编译选项
/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -V
#编辑启动脚本
vim /etc/init.d/fdfs_storaged
#启动脚本内容如下

#!/bin/sh
#
# nginx - this script starts and stops the nginx daemin
#
# chkconfig: - 85 15
# description: Nginx is an HTTP(S) server, HTTP(S) reverse \
# proxy and IMAP/POP3 proxy server
# processname: nginx
# config: /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
# pidfile: /usr/local/nginx/nginx.pid
# admin chenai
# Last Updated 20120.6.1

# Source function library.
. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

# Source networking configuration.
. /etc/sysconfig/network

# Check that networking is up.
[ "$NETWORKING" = "no" ] && exit 0

#必填
nginx="/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx"
prog=$(basename $nginx)
#必填
NGINX_CONF_FILE="/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf"

[ -f /etc/sysconfig/nginx ] && . /etc/sysconfig/nginx

lockfile=/var/lock/subsys/nginx

start() {
[ -x $nginx ] || exit 5
[ -f $NGINX_CONF_FILE ] || exit 6
echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
daemon $nginx -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
retval=$?
echo
#service php-fpm start
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
return $retval
}
stop() {
echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
$nginx -s stop
echo_success
retval=$?
echo
#service php-fpm stop
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
return $retval
}
restart() {
stop
start
}
reload() {
configtest || return $?
echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "
$nginx -s reload
RETVAL=$?
echo
}
force_reload() {
restart
}
configtest() {
$nginx -t -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
}
version() {
$nginx -V
}
rh_status() {
status $prog
}
rh_status_q() {
rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
}

case "$1" in
start)
rh_status_q && exit 0
$1
;;
stop)
rh_status_q || exit 0
$1
;;
restart|configtest|version)
$1
;;
reload)
rh_status_q || exit 7
$1
;;
force-reload)
force_reload
;;
status)
rh_status
;;
condrestart|try-restart)
rh_status_q || exit 0
;;
*)
echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload|configtest|version}"
exit 2
esac

#给启动脚本增加权限
chmod 777 /etc/init.d/nginxd
#启动nginx
service nginxd restart
#启动成功,加入开机启动
vim /etc/rc.d/rc.local
#加入内容如下
service nginxd start

8.安装nginx-module模块(仅Storage)
1>wget http://fastdfs.googlecode.com/files/fastdfs-nginx-module_v1.15.tar.gz
2>tar -zxvf fastdfs-nginx-module_v1.15.tar.gz;
#修改插件配置文件
vim /usr/local/src/fastdfs-nginx-module/src/config
#修改内容如下

ngx_addon_name=ngx_http_fastdfs_module
HTTP_MODULES="$HTTP_MODULES ngx_http_fastdfs_module"
NGX_ADDON_SRCS="$NGX_ADDON_SRCS $ngx_addon_dir/ngx_http_fastdfs_module.c"
CORE_INCS="$CORE_INCS /usr/local/fastdfs/include/fastdfs /usr/local/fastdfs/include/fastcommon/"
CORE_LIBS="$CORE_LIBS -L/usr/local/fastdfs/lib -lfastcommon -lfdfsclient"
CFLAGS="$CFLAGS -D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64 -DFDFS_OUTPUT_CHUNK_SIZE='256*1024' -DFDFS_MOD_CONF_FILENAME='\"/usr/local/fastdfs/conf/mod_fastdfs.conf\"'"

#复制mod_fastdfs.conf到/usr/local/fastdfs/conf/目录下
cp /usr/local/src/fastdfs-nginx-module/src/mod_fastdfs.conf /usr/local/fastdfs/conf/
#将/usr/local/fastdfs/lib 加入系统文件/etc/ld.so.conf中(编译时使用的动态链接库)
vim /etc/ld.so.conf
#修改内容如下
/usr/local/fastdfs/lib
#更新库文件缓存ld.so.cache
/sbin/ldconfig
#编译fastdfs-nginx-module模块
1>cd nginx-1.1.19/
2>./configure 此处加上nginx之前的编译参数(使用 /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -V 命令查看) --add-module=/usr/local/src/fastdfs-nginx-module/src
3>make && make install
#修改mod_fastdfs.conf配置
vim /usr/local/fastdfs/conf/mod_fastdfs.conf
#修改内容如下

# if load FastDFS parameters from tracker server
# since V1.12
# default value is false
load_fdfs_parameters_from_tracker=true
# FastDFS tracker_server can ocur more than once, and tracker_server format is
# "host:port", host can be hostname or ip address
# valid only when load_fdfs_parameters_from_tracker is true
tracker_server=192.168.25.11:22122
# the port of the local storage server
# the default value is 23000
storage_server_port=23000
# the group name of the local storage server
group_name=group1 #当前storage机器组名
# if the url / uri including the group name
# set to false when uri like /M00/00/00/xxx
# set to true when uri like ${group_name}/M00/00/00/xxx, such as group1/M00/xxx
# default value is false
url_have_group_name = true
# path(disk or mount point) count, default value is 1
# must same as storage.conf
store_path_count=1
# store_path#, based 0, if store_path0 not exists, it's value is base_path
# the paths must be exist
# must same as storage.conf
store_path0=/home/fastdfs/storage
# set the log filename, such as /usr/local/apache2/logs/mod_fastdfs.log
# empty for output to stderr (apache and nginx error_log file)
log_filename=/home/www/logs/mod_fastdfs.log

#修改nginx.conf配置
vim /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
#修改内容如下

worker_processes 2;
error_log /home/www/logs/error.log notice;
pid /home/www/logs/nginx.pid;

worker_rlimit_nofile 5120;
events {
use epoll;
worker_connections 5120;
}

http {
include mime.types;
default_type application/octet-stream;

sendfile on;
tcp_nopush on;
keepalive_timeout 60;
tcp_nodelay on;

server {
listen 80;
server_name localhost;
location /组名/M00 {
alias /home/fastdfs/storage/data;
ngx_fastdfs_module;
}
}
}

#重启nginx服务
service nginxd restart

9. 测试FastDFS