CentOS7源码安装最新版LNMP环境

分类:CentOS运维 阅读:96826 次

由于公司要求需要最新版的ZABBIX2.4.4需要最新版的系统CENTOS7和最新版的LNMP环境,所以本人摸索着使用最新版的环境搭建了LNMP系统,环境版本如下:

系统:CentOS 7 x86_64

NGINX:nginx-1.7.12

数据库:mariadb-10.0.13

PHP:php-5.5.23

首先做一些准备工作,先把centos7的防火墙更换成iptables,可以参见如下链接

centos7防火墙改为iptables

修改成iptables之后就可以清空iptables里面的过滤规则了,然后再关闭selinux服务。记得不要忘了先安装gcc gcc-c++ wget net-tools等功能哦。

首先安装mariadb

应为数据库编译需要很长时间,所以我这里下载的是已经编译好了的二进制包,下载版本为 mariadb-10.0.13-linux-glibc_214-x86_64.tar.gz

1、下载二进制包到/usr/local/src 目录下:

[root@centos74 ~]# cd /usr/local/src/

[root@centos74 src]# wget http://ftp.osuosl.org/pub/mariadb/mariadb-10.0.13/bintar-quantal-amd64/mariadb-10.0.13-linux-glibc_214-x86_64.tar.gz

2、将压缩包解压到/usr/local 目录下:

[root@centos74 src]# tar zvxf mariadb-10.0.13-linux-glibc_214-x86_64.tar.gz -C /usr/local/

3、创建mariadb 数据初始化目录/data/mysql:

[root@centos74 src]# mkdir -p /data/mysql

4、添加系统用户mysql,禁止登陆系统,同时,将mariadb 数据初始化目录所属主和组都修改为mysql:

[root@centos74 src]# useradd -r -s /sbin/nologin mysql ;chown -R mysql.mysql /data/mysql/

5、重命名解压出来的mariadb 目录:

[root@centos74 src]# mv /usr/local/mariadb-10.0.13-linux-x86_64/ /usr/local/mysql

6、进入重命名后的目录,初始化mariadb:

[root@centos74 src]# cd /usr/local/mysql/

[root@centos74 mysql]# ./scripts/mysql_install_db --datadir=/data/mysql --user=mysql

Installing MariaDB/MySQL system tables in '/data/mysql' ...

140906 2:03:19 [Note] InnoDB: Using mutexes to ref count buffer pool pages

140906 2:03:19 [Note] InnoDB: The InnoDB memory heap is disabled

140906 2:03:19 [Note] InnoDB: Mutexes and rw_locks use GCC atomic builtins

140906 2:03:19 [Note] InnoDB: Compressed tables use zlib 1.2.3

140906 2:03:19 [Note] InnoDB: Using Linux native AIO

140906 2:03:19 [Note] InnoDB: Using CPU crc32 instructions

140906 2:03:19 [Note] InnoDB: Initializing buffer pool, size = 128.0M

........................................................................

The latest information about MariaDB is available at http://mariadb.org/.

You can find additional information about the MySQL part at:

http://dev.mysql.com

Support MariaDB development by buying support/new features from

SkySQL Ab. You can contact us about this at sales@skysql.com.

Alternatively consider joining our community based development effort:

http://mariadb.com/kb/en/contributing-to-the-mariadb-project/

报错:WARNING: The host 'test4' could not be looked up with resolveip.

解决办法:vim /etc/hosts 在最后一行添加192.168.1.242 test4

报错:./bin/mysqld: error while loading shared libraries: libaio.so.1: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

解决办法:yum -y install libaio-devel libaio

7、复制配置文件到/etc目录覆盖之前的my.cnf:

[root@centos74 mysql]# cp support-files/my-large.cnf /etc/my.cnf

cp:是否覆盖"/etc/my.cnf"? y

8、复制mysql 启动脚本文件到/etc/init.d 目录下并重命名为mysqld:

[root@centos74 mysql]# cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld

同时修改启动脚本的权限为755:

[root@centos74 mysql]# chmod 755 !$

chmod 755 /etc/init.d/mysqld

9、编辑启动脚本,定义datadir 路径:

[root@centos74 mysql]# vim /etc/init.d/mysqld

定义数据存放路径:

datadir=/data/mysql

10、将mariadb自带命令放入$PATH

[root@localhost ~]# PATH=$PATH:/etc/init.d/#当前有效,重启shell就失效

[root@localhost ~]# echo "export PATH=$PATH:/etc/init.d/" >>/etc/profile

[root@localhost ~]# echo "export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mysql/bin/" >>/etc/profile

[root@localhost ~]# source !$

11、启动mariadb:

[root@centos74 mysql]# /etc/init.d/mysqld start

Starting MySQL. SUCCESS!

第二步,开始安装php

这里要先声明一下,针对Nginx的php安装和针对apache的php安装是有区别的,因为Nginx中的php是以fastcgi的方式结合nginx的,可以理解为nginx代理了php的fastcgi,而apache是把php作为自己的模块来调用的。同样的,php官方下载地址: http://www.php.net/downloads.php

下载php

[rot@localhost src]# cd /usr/local/src

[root@localhost src]# wget http://am1.php.net/distributions/php-5.5.23.tar.gz

解压php

[root@localhost src]# tar zxf php-5.5.23.tar.gz

创建相关账户

[root@localhost src]# useradd -s /sbin/nologin php-fpm

配置编译参数

[root@localhost src]# cd php-5.5.23

[root@localhost src]# yum -y install gcc make gd-devel libjpeg-devel libpng-devel libxml2-devel bzip2-devel libcurl-devel

[root@localhost php-5.5.23]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc --enable-fpm --with-fpm-user=php-fpm --with-fpm-group=php-fpm --with-mysql=mysqlnd --with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd --with-mysqli=mysqlnd --with-libxml-dir --with-gd --with-jpeg-dir --with-png-dir --with-freetype-dir --with-iconv-dir --with-zlib-dir --with-mcrypt --enable-soap --enable-gd-native-ttf --enable-ftp --enable-mbstring --enable-exif --disable-ipv6 --with-pear --with-curl --enable-bcmath --enable-mbstring --enable-sockets --with-gd --with-libxml-dir=/usr/local --with-gettext

错误:configure: error: xml2-config not found. Please check your libxml2 installation.

解决办法:yum -y install libxml2-devel

错误:configure: error: Please reinstall the libcurl distribution -easy.h should be in <curl-dir>/include/curl/

解决办法:yum -y install libcurl-devel

错误:configure: error: jpeglib.h not found.

解决办法:yum -y install libjpeg-turbo-devel

错误:configure: error: png.h not found.

解决办法:um -y install libpng-devel

错误:configure: error: freetype-config not found.

解决办法:configure: error: mcrypt.h not found. Please reinstall libmcrypt.

错误:configure: error: mcrypt.h not found. Please reinstall libmcrypt.

解决办法:yum -y install libmcrypt-devel

安装php

[root@localhost php-5.3.27]# make && make install

以上每一个步骤,如果没有完全执行正确,那么下一步是无法进行的,使用 echo $? 看结果是否为 “0” , 如果不是,就是没有执行正确。

修改配置文件

cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini

vim /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf

把如下内容写入该文件:

[global]

pid = /usr/local/php/var/run/php-fpm.pid

error_log = /usr/local/php/var/log/php-fpm.log

[www]

listen = /tmp/php-fcgi.sock

user = php-fpm

group = php-fpm

listen.owner = nobody

listen.group = nobody

pm = dynamic

pm.max_children = 50

pm.start_servers = 20

pm.min_spare_servers = 5

pm.max_spare_servers = 35

pm.max_requests = 500

rlimit_files = 1024

保存配置文件后,检验配置是否正确的方法为:

/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm -t

如果出现诸如 “test is successful” 字样,说明配置没有问题。

启动php-fpm

cp /usr/local/src/php-5.5.23/sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm /etc/init.d/php-fpm

chmod 755 /etc/init.d/php-fpm

service php-fpm start

如果想让它开机启动,执行:

chkconfig php-fpm on

检测是否启动:

ps aux |grep php-fpm

看看是不是有很多个进程(大概20多个)。

安装nginx

下载nginx

cd /usr/local/src/

wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.7.12.tar.gz

解压nginx

tar zxvf nginx-1.7.12.tar.gz

配置编译参数

cd nginx-1.7.12

./configure \

--prefix=/usr/local/nginx \

--with-http_realip_module \

--with-http_sub_module \

--with-http_gzip_static_module \

--with-http_stub_status_module \

--with-pcre

报错:./configure: error: the HTTP rewrite module requires the PCRE library.

解决办法:yum -y install pcre-devel

报错:./configure: error: the HTTP gzip module requires the zlib library.

解决办法:yum install -y zlib-devel

编译nginx

make

安装nginx

make install

编写nginx启动脚本,并加入系统服务

vim /etc/init.d/nginx

写入如下内容:

#!/bin/bash

# chkconfig: - 30 21

# description: http service.

# Source Function Library

. /etc/init.d/functions

# Nginx Settings

NGINX_SBIN="/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx"

NGINX_CONF="/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf"

NGINX_PID="/usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid"

RETVAL=0

prog="Nginx"

start() {

echo -n $"Starting $prog: "

mkdir -p /dev/shm/nginx_temp

daemon $NGINX_SBIN -c $NGINX_CONF

RETVAL=$?

echo

return $RETVAL

}

stop() {

echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "

killproc -p $NGINX_PID $NGINX_SBIN -TERM

rm -rf /dev/shm/nginx_temp

RETVAL=$?

echo

return $RETVAL

}

reload(){

echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "

killproc -p $NGINX_PID $NGINX_SBIN -HUP

RETVAL=$?

echo

return $RETVAL

}

restart(){

stop

start

}

configtest(){

$NGINX_SBIN -c $NGINX_CONF -t

return 0

}

case "$1" in

start)

start

;;

stop)

stop

;;

reload)

reload

;;

restart)

restart

;;

configtest)

configtest

;;

*)

echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|reload|restart|configtest}"

RETVAL=1

esac

exit $RETVAL

保存后,更改权限:

chmod 755 /etc/init.d/nginx

chkconfig --add nginx

如果想开机启动,请执行:

chkconfig nginx on

更改nginx配置

首先把原来的配置文件清空:

> /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

“>” 这个符号为重定向的意思,单独用它,可以把一个文本文档快速清空。

vim /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

写入如下内容:

user nobody nobody;

worker_processes 2;

error_log /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx_error.log crit;

pid /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid;

worker_rlimit_nofile 51200;

events

{

use epoll;

worker_connections 6000;

}

http

{

include mime.types;

default_type application/octet-stream;

server_names_hash_bucket_size 3526;

server_names_hash_max_size 4096;

log_format combined_realip '$remote_addr $http_x_forwarded_for [$time_local]'

'$host "$request_uri" $status'

'"$http_referer" "$http_user_agent"';

sendfile on;

tcp_nopush on;

keepalive_timeout 30;

client_header_timeout 3m;

client_body_timeout 3m;

send_timeout 3m;

connection_pool_size 256;

client_header_buffer_size 1k;

large_client_header_buffers 8 4k;

request_pool_size 4k;

output_buffers 4 32k;

postpone_output 1460;

client_max_body_size 10m;

client_body_buffer_size 256k;

client_body_temp_path /usr/local/nginx/client_body_temp;

proxy_temp_path /usr/local/nginx/proxy_temp;

fastcgi_temp_path /usr/local/nginx/fastcgi_temp;

fastcgi_intercept_errors on;

tcp_nodelay on;

gzip on;

gzip_min_length 1k;

gzip_buffers 4 8k;

gzip_comp_level 5;

gzip_http_version 1.1;

gzip_types text/plain application/x-javascript text/css text/htm application/xml;

server

{

listen 80;

server_name localhost;

index index.html index.htm index.php;

root /usr/local/nginx/html;

location ~ \.php$ {

include fastcgi_params;

fastcgi_pass unix:/tmp/php-fcgi.sock;

fastcgi_index index.php;

fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /usr/local/nginx/html$fastcgi_script_name;

}

}

}

保存配置后,先检验一下配置文件是否有错误存在:

/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -t

如果显示内容如下,则配置正确,否则需要根据错误提示修改配置文件:

nginx: the configuration file /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf syntax is ok

nginx: configuration file /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf test is successful

启动nginx:

service nginx start

如果不能启动,请查看 “/usr/local/nginx/logs/error.log” 文件,检查nginx是否启动:

ps aux |grep nginx

看是否有进程。

测试是否解析php文件

创建测试文件:

vim /usr/local/nginx/html/2.php

内容如下:

<?php echo phpinfo();?>

测试:

[root@localhost nginx]# curl localhost/2.php

或者使用浏览器打开http://YourServerIPAddress/2.php

重要:如果解析不了,检查日志发现连接不到php,我的php版本为5.5.23,比较新的版本,需要在php/etc/php-fpm.conf文件中添加

listen.owner = nobody

listen.group = nobody

这两行,再重启一下服务就能使用php了

原因是/tmp/php-fcgi.sock这个文件没有读权限

至此,最新版的LNMP环境源码编译安装完成了,感谢我的老师阿铭给我提供的帮助,另外提供老师开设的论坛地址,欢迎大家前来学习讨论:阿铭linux,欢迎前来共同学习

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