CentOS安装GitLab

分类:CentOS教程 阅读:32484 次

环境

Requirements

软件 版本
CentOS 6.6
Python 2.6
Ruby 2.1.5
Git 1.7.10+
Redis 2.0+
MySQL
GitLab 7-8-stable
GitLab Shell v2.6.0

yum源

为了提高软件安装速度,将yum源设置为阿里云开源镜像

$ cd /etc/yum.repos.d $ wget -O CentOS-Base.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/Centos-6.repo

必要软件包

$ yum -y install libicu-devel patch gcc-c++ readline-devel zlib-devel libffi-devel openssl-devel make autoconf automake libtool bison libxml2-devel libxslt-devel libyaml-devel zlib-devel openssl-devel cpio expat-devel gettext-devel curl-devel perl-ExtUtils-CBuilder perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker

安装Git

// 查看当前git版本 $ git --version // 如果小于1.7.10则先卸载 $ yum remove git // 下载最新的git并安装 $ wget -O git-src.zip https://github.com/git/git/archive/master.zip $ unzip git-src.zip $ cd git-src $ make prefix=/usr/local all $ make prefix=/usr/local install $ ln -fs /usr/local/bin/git* /usr/bin/

安装Ruby环境

$ mkdir /tmp/ruby && cd /tmp/ruby $ curl --progress ftp://ftp.ruby-lang.org/pub/ruby/ruby-2.1.5.tar.gz | tar xz $ cd ruby-2.1.5 $ ./configure --disable-install-rdoc $ make && make install $ ln -s /usr/local/bin/ruby /usr/bin/ruby $ ln -s /usr/local/bin/gem /usr/bin/gem $ ln -s /usr/local/bin/bundle /usr/bin/bundle // 设置ruby gem源为淘宝 $ gem source -r https://rubygems.org/ $ gem source -a http://ruby.taobao.org/ $ gem install bundler --no-ri --no-rdoc

安装MySQL及初始化GitLab库

$ yum install mysql mysql-devel mysql-server -y $ /etc/init.d/mysqld start $ chkconfig mysqld on // 登录mysql创建gitab的帐号和数据库 mysql> CREATE USER 'gitlab'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'gitlab'; mysql> CREATE DATABASE IF NOT EXISTS `gitlabhq_production` DEFAULT CHARACTER SET `utf8` COLLATE `utf8_unicode_ci`; mysql> GRANT SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, CREATE, DROP, INDEX, ALTER ON `gitlabhq_production`.* TO 'gitlab'@'localhost'; //测试是否可以用git帐号登录数据库 sudo -u git -H mysql -u gitlab -p -D gitlabhq_production

安装Redis

$ yum -y install redis $ /etc/init.d/redis start $ chkconfig redis on

添加git帐号并允许sudo

$ useradd --comment 'GitLab' git $ echo "git ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD: ALL" >>/etc/sudoers

安装GitLab

$ /home/git $ sudo -u git -H git clone https://gitlab.com/gitlab-org/gitlab-ce.git -b 7-8-stable gitlab $ cd /home/git/gitlab $ sudo -u git -H cp config/gitlab.yml.example config/gitlab.yml // 编辑git路径, gitlab的host:port $ vim config/gitlab.yml // bin_path: /usr/local/bin/git // host: localhost // port: 80 // 给文件夹添加相应的权限 $ chown -R git log/ $ chown -R git tmp/ $ chmod -R u+rwX log/ $ chmod -R u+rwX tmp/ // 创建必要的文件夹,以及复制配置文件 $ sudo -u git -H mkdir /home/git/gitlab-satellites $ sudo -u git -H mkdir tmp/pids/ $ sudo -u git -H mkdir tmp/sockets/ $ sudo chmod -R u+rwX tmp/pids/ $ sudo chmod -R u+rwX tmp/sockets/ $ sudo -u git -H mkdir public/uploads $ sudo chmod -R u+rwX public/uploads $ sudo -u git -H cp config/unicorn.rb.example config/unicorn.rb $ sudo -u git -H cp config/initializers/rack_attack.rb.example config/initializers/rack_attack.rb // 配置数据库连接信息 $ sudo -u git cp config/database.yml.mysql config/database.yml $ sudo -u git -H vim config/database.yml $ vim config/database.yml // production: // username: gitlab // password: "gitlab"

安装GitLab-Shell

$ cd /home/git $ sudo -u git -H git clone https://gitlab.com/gitlab-org/gitlab-shell.git -b v2.6.0 $ cd gitlab-shell/ $ sudo -u git -H cp config.yml.example config.yml // 编辑配置文件, 设置gitlab_url, redis-cli, log-level... $ vim config.yml // gitlab_url: "http://localhost/" // /usr/bin/redis-cli // 安装git-shell $ sudo -u git -H ./bin/install

安装需要ruby的gems

$ cd /home/git/gitlab $ sudo -u git -H bundle install --deployment --without development test postgres aws

初始化数据库(创建GitLab相关表)

$ sudo -u git -H bundle exec rake gitlab:setup RAILS_ENV=production

安装启动文件以及日志切割文件

cp lib/support/init.d/gitlab /etc/init.d/gitlab cp lib/support/init.d/gitlab.default.example /etc/default/gitlab cp lib/support/logrotate/gitlab /etc/logrotate.d/gitlab

设置git帐号信息

$ sudo -u git -H git config --global user.name "Troy Zhang" $ sudo -u git -H git config --global user.email "troyz@synnex.com" $ sudo -u git -H git config --global core.autocrlf input

安装Nginx

$ yum -y install nginx $ vim /etc/nginx/nginx.conf user root git; worker_processes 2; pid /var/run/nginx.pid; events { worker_connections 1024; } http { include /etc/nginx/mime.types; default_type application/octet-stream; log_format main '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" ' '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" ' '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"'; # GITLAB # Maintainer: @randx # App Version: 5.0 upstream gitlab { server unix:/home/git/gitlab/tmp/sockets/gitlab.socket; } server { listen *:80 default_server; # e.g., listen 192.168.1.1:80; In most cases *:80 is a good idea server_name YOUR_SERVER_FQDN; # e.g., server_name source.example.com; server_tokens off; # don't show the version number, a security best practice root /home/git/gitlab/public; # Set value of client_max_body_size to at least the value of git.max_size in gitlab.yml client_max_body_size 5m; # inspanidual nginx logs for this gitlab vhost access_log /var/log/nginx/gitlab_access.log; error_log /var/log/nginx/gitlab_error.log; location / { # serve static files from defined root folder;. # @gitlab is a named location for the upstream fallback, see below try_files $uri $uri/index.html $uri.html @gitlab; } # if a file, which is not found in the root folder is requested, # then the proxy pass the request to the upsteam (gitlab unicorn) location @gitlab { proxy_read_timeout 300; # https://github.com/gitlabhq/gitlabhq/issues/694 proxy_connect_timeout 300; # https://github.com/gitlabhq/gitlabhq/issues/694 proxy_redirect off; proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme; proxy_set_header Host $http_host; proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr; proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for; proxy_pass http://gitlab; } } }

更改权限,启动nginx

$ nginx -t $ chown -R git:git /var/lib/nginx/ $ /etc/init.d/nginx start

检测当前环境

sudo -u git -H bundle exec rake gitlab:env:info RAILS_ENV=production

拉取gitlab静态资源文件

$ sudo -u git -H bundle exec rake assets:precompile RAILS_ENV=production

启动gitlab

$ /etc/init.d/gitlab start

检测各个组件是否正常工作

 $ sudo -u git -H bundle exec rake gitlab:check RAILS_ENV=production