Centos 下rpm包制作

分类:CentOS教程 阅读:39638 次

谈论RPM对好多编译安装的朋友来多,RPM安装是傻瓜安装。
呵呵,其实RPM是一种非常有效果的集中部署的解决方案。
yum+RPM是非常快速便捷的大规模部署方案。
下面简单介绍下rpm的制作:
以cronolog为例:
首先下载cronolog的源码包。
解开源码包,tar xzvf cronolog-1.6.2.tar.gz
找到 cronolog.spec 该文件是定制如何生成RPM包的配置文件

vim cronolog.spec %define name cronolog %define version 1.6.2 %define release 1 %define group System Networking/Daemons Summary: a flexible log file rotation program for Apache Name: %{name} Version: %{version} Release: %{release} Copyright: Apache license Group: %{group} Packager: Andrew Ford <A.Ford@ford-mason.co.uk> URL: http://www.ford-mason.co.uk/resources/cronolog/ Source: http://www.ford-mason.co.uk/resources/cronolog/cronolog-%version.tar.gz BuildRoot: /tmp/%{name}-root %description "cronolog" is a simple program that reads log messages from its input and writes them to a set of output files, the names of which are constructed using template and the current date and time. The template uses the same format specifiers as the Unix date command (which are the same as the standard C strftime library function). %changelog %prep %setup -n %{name}-%{version} %build ./configure make %install rm -rf $RPM_BUILD_ROOT mkdir -p $RPM_BUILD_ROOT/usr/share/doc/%{name}-${RPM_PACKAGE_VERSION} -m 755 make prefix=$RPM_BUILD_ROOT/usr mandir=$RPM_BUILD_ROOT/usr/share/man install install -m 644 README $RPM_BUILD_ROOT/usr/share/doc/%name-${RPM_PACKAGE_VERSION} #install -m 644 $RPM_SOURCE_DIR/doc/cronolog.1m $RPM_BUILD_ROOT/usr/man/man1/cronolog.1 #install -m 755 $RPM_SOURCE_DIR/src/cronolog $RPM_BUILD_ROOT/usr/sbin/cronolog #strip $RPM_BUILD_ROOT/usr/sbin/* || echo Ignored strip on a non-binary file %post %preun %postun %clean rm -rf $RPM_BUILD_ROOT %files #%attr(-,root,root) /usr/share/doc/%{name}-%{version}/README %attr(-,root,root) /usr/sbin/cronolog %attr(-,root,root) /usr/sbin/cronosplit #%files man %attr(644,root,root) /usr/share/man/man1/*.1* %doc README

复制代码然后,将源码包复制到 /usr/src/redhat/SOURCES/
cp cronolog-1.6.2.tar.gz /usr/src/redhat/SOURCES/
执行,rpmbuild -ba cronolog.spec
这样RPM包就生成了,^_^
ls -l /usr/src/redhat/RPMS/i386/