Linux命令缩写大全

分类:CentOS教程 阅读:48425 次

Linux命令缩写

ls:list(列出目录内容)

cd:ChangeDirectory(改变目录)

su:switchuser切换用户

rpm:redhatpackagemanager红帽子打包管理器

pwd:printworkdirectory打印当前目录显示出当前工作目录的绝对路径

ps:processstatus(进程状态,类似于windows的任务管理器)常用参数:-auxf

ps-auxf显示进程状态

df:diskfree其功能是显示磁盘可用空间数目信息及空间结点信息。换句话说,就是报告在任何安装的设备或目录中,还剩多少自由的空间。

rpm:即RedHatPackageManagement,是RedHat的发明之一

rmdir:RemoveDirectory(删除目录)

rm:Remove(删除目录或文件)

cat:concatenate连锁catfile1file2>>file3把文件1和文件2的内容联合起来放到file3中

insmod:installmodule,载入模块

ln-s:link-soft创建一个软链接,相当于创建一个快捷方式

mkdir:MakeDirectory(创建目录

touch

man:Manual

pwd:Printworkingdirectory

su:Swithuser

cd:Changedirectory

ls:Listfiles

ps:ProcessStatus

mkdir:Makedirectory

rmdir:Removedirectory

mkfs:Makefilesystem

fsck:Filesystemcheck

cat:Concatenate

uname:Unixname

df:Diskfree

du:Diskusage

lsmod:Listmodules

mv:Movefile

rm:Removefile

cp:Copyfile

ln:Linkfiles

fg:Foreground

bg:Background

chown:Changeowner

chgrp:Changegroup

chmod:Changemode

umount:Unmount

dd:本来应根据其功能描述“Convertancopy”命名为“cc”,但“cc”已经被用以代表“CComplier”,所以命名为“dd”

tar:Tapearchive

ldd:Listdynamicdependencies

insmod:Installmodule

rmmod:Removemodule

lsmod:Listmodule

文件结尾的"rc"(如.bashrc、.xinitrc等):Resourceconfiguration

Knnxxx/Snnxxx(位于rcx.d目录下):K(Kill);S(Service);nn(执行顺序号);xxx(服务标识)

.a(扩展名a):Archive,staticlibrary

.so(扩展名so):Sharedobject,dynamicallylinkedlibrary

.o(扩展名o):Objectfile,compliedresultofC/C++sourcefile

RPM:Redhatpackagemanager

dpkg:Debianpackagemanager

apt:Advancedpackagetool(Debian或基于Debian的发行版中提供)

bin=BINaries

/dev=DEVices

/etc=ETCetera

/lib=LIBrary

/proc=PROCesses

/sbin=SuperuserBINaries

/tmp=TeMPorary

/usr=UnixSharedResources

/var=VARiable?

FIFO=FirstIn,FirstOut

GRUB=GRandUnifiedBootloader

IFS=InternalFieldSeperators

LILO=LInuxLOader

MySQL=My是最初作者女儿的名字,SQL=StructuredQueryLanguage

PHP=PersonalHomePageTools=PHPHypertextPreprocessor

PS=PromptString

Perl="PraticalExtractionandReportLanguage"="PathologicallyEclecticRubbishLister"

Python得名于电视剧MontyPython'sFlyingCircus

Tcl=ToolCommandLanguage

Tk=ToolKit

VT=VideoTerminal

YaST=YetAnotherSetupTool

apache="apatchy"server

apt=AdvancedPackagingTool

ar=archiver

as=assembler

awk="AhoWeibergerandKernighan"三个作者的姓的第一个字母

bash=BourneAgainSHell

bc=Basic(Better)Calculator

bg=BackGround

biff=作者HeidiStettner在U.C.Berkely养的一条狗,喜欢对邮递员汪汪叫。

cal=CALendar

cat=CATenate

cd=ChangeDirectory

chgrp=CHangeGRouP

chmod=CHangeMODe

chown=CHangeOWNer

chsh=CHangeSHell

cmp=compare

cobra=CommonObjectRequestBrokerArchitecture

comm=common

cp=CoPy

cpio=CoPyInandOut

cpp=CPreProcessor

cron=Chronos希腊文时间

cups=CommonUnixPrintingSystem

cvs=CurrentVersionSystem

daemon=DiskAndExecutionMONitor

dc=DeskCalculator

dd=DiskDump

df=DiskFree

diff=DIFFerence

dmesg=diagnosticmessage

du=DiskUsage

ed=editor

egrep=ExtendedGREP

elf=ExtensibleLinkingFormat

elm=ELectronicMail

emacs=EditorMACroS

eval=EVALuate

ex=EXtended

exec=EXECute

fd=filedescriptors

fg=ForeGround

fgrep=FixedGREP

fmt=format

fsck=FileSystemChecK

fstab=FileSystemTABle

fvwm=F***VirtualWindowManager

gawk=GNUAWK

gpg=GNUPrivacyGuard

groff=GNUtroff

hal=HardwareAbstractionLayer

joe=Joe'sOwnEditor

ksh=KornSHell

lame=LameAin'tanMP3Encoder

lex=LEXicalanalyser

lisp=LIStProcessing=LotsofIrritatingSuperfluousParentheses

ln=LiNk

lpr=LinePRint

ls=list

lsof=LiStOpenFiles

m4=MacroprocessorVersion4

man=MANualpages

mawk=MikeBrennan'sAWK

mc=MidnightCommander

mkfs=MaKeFileSystem

mknod=MaKeNODe

motd=MessageofTheDay

mozilla=MOsaicGodZILLa

mtab=MountTABle

mv=MoVe

nano=Nano'sANOthereditor

nawk=NewAWK

nl=NumberofLines

nm=names

nohup=NoHangUP

nroff=NewROFF

od=OctalDump

passwd=PASSWorD

pg=pager

pico=PIne'smessageCOmpositioneditor

pine="ProgramforInternetNews&Email"="PineisnotElm"

ping=拟声又=PacketInterNetGrouper

pirntcap=PRINTerCAPability

popd=POPDirectory

pr=pre

printf=PRINTFormatted

ps=ProcessesStatus

pty=pseudotty

pushd=PUSHDirectory

pwd=PrintWorkingDirectory

rc=runcom=runcommand,rc还是plan9的shell

rev=REVerse

rm=ReMove

rn=ReadNews

roff=RunOFF

rpm=RPMPackageManager=RedHatPackageManager

rsh,rlogin,rvim中的r=Remote

rxvt=ouRXVT

seamoneky=我

sed=StreamEDitor

seq=SEQuence

shar=SHellARchive

slrn=S-Langrn

ssh=SecureSHell

ssl=SecureSocketsLayer

stty=SetTTY

su=SubstituteUser

svn=SubVersioN

tar=TapeARchive

tcsh=TENEXCshell

tee=T(T形水管接口)

telnet=TEminaLoverNetwork

termcap=terminalcapability

terminfo=terminalinformation

tex=τ