CentOS对新加入的硬盘格式化

分类:CentOS教程 阅读:64864 次

首先,对新加入的硬盘格式化。

步骤1:

步骤2:

步骤3:

步骤4 格式化分区

步骤5:创建目录然后将该分区加挂到该目录下

复制代码代码示例: [root@rac1 /]# mkdir /u01
[root@rac1 /]# mount /dev/sdb1 /u01


步骤6:修改/etc/fstab文件添加如下记录使系统每次重启后都能自动加载该分区
步骤7:
[root@rac1 /]#vi /etc/fstab
在文件的末尾填加如下内容
/dev/sdb1 /u01 ext3 defaults 1 2

说明:
若新加硬盘的时候选择了创建逻辑盘(即选择了e)的时候,格式话的时候会报如下错误:

复制代码代码示例: mkfs -t ext3 -c /dev/sdb1
Invalid argument passed to ext2 library while setting up superblock.


这是因为我们这里只创建了逻辑盘,没有创建逻辑分区,所以创建完逻辑盘后还需要创建逻辑分区:

复制代码代码示例: [root@jbxue oracle]# fdisk /dev/sdb
The number of cylinders for this disk is set to 2088.
There is nothing wrong with that, but this is larger than 1024,
and could in certain setups cause problems with:
1) software that runs at boot time (e.g., old versions of LILO)
2) booting and partitioning software from other OSs
(e.g., DOS FDISK, OS/2 FDISK)
Command (m for help): m
Command action
a toggle a bootable flag
b edit bsd disklabel
c toggle the dos compatibility flag
d delete a partition
l list known partition types
m print this menu
n add a new partition
o create a new empty DOS partition table
p print the partition table
q quit without saving changes
s create a new empty Sun disklabel
t change a partition's system id
u change display/entry units
v verify the partition table
w write table to disk and exit
x extra functionality (experts only)
Command (m for help): n
Command action
l logical (5 or over)
p primary partition (1-4)
l
First cylinder (1-2088, default 1):
Using default value 1
Last cylinder or +size or +sizeM or +sizeK (1-2088, default 2088):
Using default value 2088
Command (m for help): w
The partition table has been altered!
Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table.
Syncing disks.
[root@jbxue oracle]# fdisk -l
Disk /dev/sda: 21.4 GB, 21474836480 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2610 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sda1 * 1 1000 8032468+ 83 Linux
/dev/sda2 1001 1200 1606500 82 Linux swap / Solaris
/dev/sda3 1201 2610 11325825 83 Linux
Disk /dev/sdb: 17.1 GB, 17179869184 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2088 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sdb1 1 2088 16771828+ 5 Extended
/dev/sdb5 1 2088 16771797 83 Linux
[root@jbxue oracle]# mkfs -t ext3 -c /dev/sdb5
mke2fs 1.39 (29-May-2006)
Filesystem label=
OS type: Linux
Block size=4096 (log=2)
Fragment size=4096 (log=2)
2097152 inodes, 4192949 blocks
209647 blocks (5.00%) reserved for the super user
First data block=0
Maximum filesystem blocks=0
128 block groups
32768 blocks per group, 32768 fragments per group
16384 inodes per group
Superblock backups stored on blocks:
32768, 98304, 163840, 229376, 294912, 819200, 884736, 1605632, 2654208,
4096000
Checking for bad blocks (read-only test): done
Writing inode tables: done
Creating journal (32768 blocks): done
Writing superblocks and filesystem accounting information: done
This filesystem will be automatically checked every 21 mounts or
180 days, whichever comes first. Use tune2fs -c or -i to override.
[root@jbxue oracle]# fdisk -l
Disk /dev/sda: 21.4 GB, 21474836480 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2610 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sda1 * 1 1000 8032468+ 83 Linux
/dev/sda2 1001 1200 1606500 82 Linux swap / Solaris
/dev/sda3 1201 2610 11325825 83 Linux
Disk /dev/sdb: 17.1 GB, 17179869184 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2088 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sdb1 1 2088 16771828+ 5 Extended
/dev/sdb5 1 2088 16771797 83 Linux

如此便完成了linux下新硬盘的添加与分区、格式化等操作。