图书介绍

算法设计与分析基础(影印版)

算法设计与分析基础(影印版)
  • [美] 乐威汀(Anany Levitin) 著
  • 出版社: 清华大学出版社
  • ISBN:9787302067962
  • 版次:1
  • 商品编码:10154439
  • 包装:平装
  • 丛书名: 算法经典丛书
  • 外文名称:Introduction to the design&analysis of algorithms
  • 开本:32开
  • 出版时间:2003-08-01
  • 用纸:胶版纸
  • 页数:493
  • 正文语种:英语

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图书目录

1 Introduction
1.1 Notion of Algorithm
Exercises 1.1

1.2 Fundamentals of Algorithmic Problem Solving
Understanding the Problem
Ascertaining the Capabilities of a Computational Device
Choosing between Exact and Approximate Problem Solving
Deciding on Appropriate Data Structures
Algorithm Design Techniques
Methods of Specifying an Algorithm
Proving an Algorithms Correctness
Analyzing an Algorithm
Coding an Algorithm
Exercises 1.2

1.3 Important Problem Types
Sorting
Searching
String Processing
Graph Problems
Combinatorial Problems
Geometric Problems
Numerical Problems
Exercises 1.3

1.4 Fundamental Data Structures
Linear Data Structures
Graphs
Trees
Sets and Dictionaries
Exercises 1.4
Summary

2 Fundamentals of the Analysis of Algorithm Efficiency
2.1 Analysis Framework
Measuring an Inputs Size
Units for Measuring Running Time
Orders of Growth
Worst-Case, Best-Case, and Average-Case Efficiencies
Recapitulation of the Analysis Framework
Exercises 2.1

2.2 Asymptotic Notations and Basic Efficiency Classes
Informal Introduction
O-notation
-notation
O-notation
Useful Property Involving the Asymptotic Notations
Using Limits for Comparing Orders of Growth
Basic Efficiency Classes
Exercises 2.2
2.3 Mathematical Analysis of Nonrecursive Algorithms
Exercises 2.3
2.4 Mathematical Analysis of Recursive Algorithms
Exercises 2.4
2.5 Example: Fibonacci Numbers
Explicit Formula for the nth Fibonacci Number
Algorithms for Computing Fibonacci Numbers
Exercises 2.5
2.6 Empirical Analysis of Algorithms
Exercises 2.6
2.7 Algorithm Visualization
Summary

3 Brute Force
3.1 Selection Sort and Bubble Sort
Selection Sort
Bubble Sort
Exercises 3.1

3.2 Sequential Search and Brute-Force String Matching
Sequential Search
Brute-Force String Matching
Exercises 3.2

3.3 Closest-Pair and Convex-Hull Problems by Brute Force
Closest-Pair Problem
Convex-Hull Problem
Exercises 3.3

3.4 Exhaustive Search
Traveling Salesman Problem
Knapsack Problem
Assignment Problem
Exercises 3.4
Summary

4 Divide-and-Conquer
4.1 Mergesort
Exercises 4.1
4.2 Quicksort
Exercises 4.2
4.3 Binary Search
Exercises 4.3
4.4 Binary Tree Traversals and Related Properties
Exercises 4.4
4.5 Multiplication of Large Integers and Strassens Matrix Multiplication
Multiplication of Large Integers
Strassens Matrix Multiplication
Exercises 4.5

4.6 Closest-Pair and Convex-Hull Problems by Divide-and-Conquer
Closest-Pair Problem
Convex-Hull Problem
Exercises 4.6
Summary

5 Decrease-and-Conquer
5.1 Insertion Sort
Exercises 5.1
5.2 Depth-First Search and Breadth-First Search
Depth-First Search
Breadth-First Search
Exercises 5.2
5.3 Topological Sorting
Exercises 5.3
5.4 Algorithms for Generating Combinatorial Objects
Generating Permutations
Generating Subsets
Exercises 5.4

5.5 Decrease-by-a-Constant-Factor Algorithms
Fake-Coin Problem
Multiplication a la Russe
Josephus Problem
Exercises 5.5

5.6 Variable-Size-Decrease Algorithms
Computing e Median and the Selection Problem
Interpolation Search
Searching and Insertion in a Binary Search Tree
Exercises 5.6
Summary

6 Transform-and-Conquer
6.1 Presorting
Exercises 6.1
6.2 Gaussian Elimination
LU Decomposition and Other Applications
Computing a Matrix Inverse
Computing a Determinant
Exercises 6.2

6.3 Balanced Search Trees
AVL Trees
2-3 Trees
Exercises 6.3

6.4 Heaps and Heapsort
Notion of the Heap
Heapsort
Exercises 6.4

6.5 Horners Rule and Binary Exponentiation
Horners Rule
Binary Exponentiation
Exercises 6.5

6.6 Problem Reduction
Computing the Least Common Multiple
Counting Paths in a Graph
Reduction of Optimization Problems
Linear Programming
Reduction to Graph Problems
Exercises 6.6
Summary

7 Space and lime Tradeoffs
7.1 Sorting by Counting
Exercises 7.1
7.2 Input Enhancement in String Matching
Horspools Algorithm
Boyer-Moore Algorithm
Exercises 7.2
7.3 Hashing
Open Hashing (Separate Chaining)
Closed Hashing (Open Addressing)
Exercises 7.3
7.4 B-Trees
Exercises 7.4
Summary

8 Dynamic Programming
8.1 Computing a Binomial Coefficient
Exercises 8.1
8.2 Warshalls and Floyds Algorithms
Warshalls Algorithm
Floyds Algorithm for the Ali-Pairs Shortest-Paths Problem
Exercises 8.2
8.3 Optimal Binary Search Trees
Exercises 8.3

8.4 The Knapsack Problem and Memory Functions
Memory Functions
Exercises 8.4
Summary

9 Greedy Technique
9.1 Prims Algorithm
Exercises 9.1
9.2 Kruskals Algorithm
Disjoint Subsets and Union-Find Algorithms
Exercises 9.2
9.3 Dijkstras Algorithm
Exercises 9.3
9.4 Huffman Trees
Exercises 9.4
Summary

10 Limitations of Algorithm Power
10.1 Lower-Bound Arguments
Trivial Lower Bounds
Information-Theoretic Arguments
Adversary Arguments
Problem Reduction
Exercises 10.1

10.2 Decision Trees
Decision Trees for Sorting Algorithms
Decision Trees for Searching a Sorted Array
Exercises 10.2

10.3 P, NP, and NP-complete Problems
P and NP Problems
NP-complete Problems
Exercises 10.3

10.4 Challenges of Numerical Algorithms
Exercises 10.4
Summary
44

11 Coping with the Limitations of Algorithm Power
11.1 Backtracking
n-Queens Problem
Hamiltonian Circuit Problem
Subset-Sum Problem
General Remarks
Exercises 11.1

11.2 Branch-and-Bound
Assignment Problem
Knapsack Problem
Traveling Salesman Problem
Exercises 11.2

11.3 Approximation Algorithms for NP-hard Problems
Approximation Algorithms for the Traveling Salesman Problem
Approximation Algorithms for the Knapsack Problem
Exercises 11.3

11.4 Algorithms for Solving Nonlinear Equations
Bisection Method
Method of False Position
Newtons Method
Exercises 11.4
Summary
Epilogue

APPENDIX A
Useful Formulas for the Analysis of Algorithms
Properties of Logarithms
Combinatorics
Important Summation Formulas
Sum Manipulation Rules
Approximation of a Sum by a Definite Integral
Floor and Ceiling Formulas
Miscellaneous

APPENDIX B
Short Tutorial on Recurrence Relations
Sequences arid Recurrence Relations
Methods for Solving Recurrence Relations
Common Recurrence Types in Algorithm Analysis
Bibliography
Hints to Exercises
Index

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